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Campanian viticulture: two thousand years of history

 

 

The Campania region houses ancient and precious vineyards, which are the basis of an exquisitely popular typical of the world. Regional territory is one of the oldest vine-growing settlements, and still today, within the framework of international viticulture, is characterized by the presence of centenarian strains in many vineyards. The antique wines of Cicero, Pliny, Martial, Virgil, such as Vitis Hellenica, Vitis Apiana, Vinum Album Phalanginum and Aminea Gemina, to name but a few, are the progenitors of Aglianic, Fiano , Falanghina and Greeks.

The combination of vine and territory is also witnessed by the precious archaeological finds that document the excellent quality of local wines, not by accident known in antiquity as the "wines of the emperors". The frescoes of the ancient villas of Pompeii and Herculaneum excavations and the amphorae depots show how the wine was already preserved in cellars and even labeled, offering tangible proof of the secular tradition of the "cult of wine" in Campania.

It is a true patrimony of traditions and culture that risked to vanish when, in the early 1900s, a severe phylloxera infestation destroyed most of the vineyards. Fortunately, thanks to the commitment of the local producers and the institutions involved, over the decades the variety of native species has been restored, from which still today they continue to produce wines of great value and typicality.

Regional oenology is currently characterized by the enormous varietal richness of vines cultivated on the territory. In Campania there are countless more than 100 native grape varieties: a number that is not equal to any of the wine-growing areas in the world. The originality of regional wines, with highly recognizable aromatic profiles, must be precisely the weighted choice of local actors to protect and stimulate, over time, local vines. Over the past twenty years, while all the wine-growing regions in the world focused their attention on "international" grapes, Campania has discouraged, and in some cases banned, the vineyard planting with international vines, instead targeting indigenous varieties.

In addition to the presence of historical vineyards with a great variety of varieties, Campania is characterized by the variety of vine-growing environments, each with very specific connotations. Among them, it is possible to distinguish, in principle, a coastal nucleus, a volcanic nucleus, and an inner nucleus.

Each area has selected its vineyards for centuries, which over time have adapted perfectly to the geography of the sites, in perfect harmony with the environment and the territory. Some vineyards - as in the case of the characteristic terraced areas of the Amalfi Coast and Sorrento, and of the islands of Ischia, Capri and Procida - have adapted to the sea and the salt, giving rise to some of the most prestigious wines of national enology. Other vineyards have been formed on volcanic soils, rich in ashes and lapilli, in the lands of Vesuvius, Pozzuoli sulfate, Astronauts, Roccamonfina volcanoes, and so on.

In the inner areas, characterized by stormy and rainy winters, and mostly clayey soils, which have undergone volcanic activity over the centuries, Campania's "screws of the earth" have generated great elegance. In the vineyards, the Greek (the ancient Amine Gemina, from which the Greek of Tufo) is born, and the Fiano (identified with the ancient Apianan grapes, from which the Fiano of Avellino comes), both have been DOCG since 2003. Falanghina Which gives its name to the most common bell DOC "Falanghina del Sannio".

But the true "dominus" of the bell-vine is the Aglianico, an ancient vine known for some time on the international scene, which has produced wines of excellent quality: the Taurasi, in the province of Avellino, is the first among the DOCGs of southern Italy; Aglianico del Taburno, the last of the DOCG bells; The Falerno del Massico, from the very ancient origins, and the Galluccio, in the province of Caserta; Still the various other types of DOC Sannio, and Cilento, in the province of Salerno.

Fonte: Viticulture Sector Website Department of Agricoltura Regione Campania

 

Other interesting articles and links on the website of the Agriculture Department:

The wines of Campania to D.O.P. and I.G.P.

Guide Catalog of Wines and Wines of Campania - edition 2016/2017

Publications Department of Agriculture

This section lists publications edited by the Department in recent years.

Campania Region Agriculture Department

The Department of Agriculture is governed by the President of the Campania Region, Vincenzo De Luca.

Directorate General for Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies.

Manager: Filippo Diasco

Address: Centro Direzionale is. A6 – 80143 Napoli (NA)

Telephone: 081 7967519 – 081 7967520 - 0817967517 – Fax server: 081 7967521

e-mail: f.diasco@regione.campania.it – Pec: dg.06@pec.regione.campania.it

Website: www.agricoltura.regione.campania.it